Peruvian and U.S. officials are interpreting a massive car bomb explosion outside the U.S. Embassy March 20 as an anti-U.S. attack timed for President Bush’s visit. The bombing also suggests that Peru’s Shining Path insurgency may still be a threat, and raises questions about its capacity to stage more attacks. The group had been decimated ten years ago and was considered to be limited in its abilities to cause trouble. It is too early to tell if this attack signals a resurgence or was primarily a statement that the group is still here.